Chickens High Line - Cross, originally from America. It was obtained during the breeding work of American scientists at Hy-Line International. The goal of breeders in breeding a new cross-country was to obtain an egg breed, unpretentious in care and nutrition. Breeders brought several varieties that are combined in farming in 2 crosses - White and Brown.
Description of high-line chickens
Chickens High Line differ in small size and slim physique. A hen per year weighs 1.5-1.8 kg, a rooster weighs 1.8-2.5 kg. The body is triangular with the chest bulged forward. On the back there is a visible deflection, which is easier to see in chickens than in cockerels. Legs are yellowish, medium length. The neck is rather long, the head is small. Comb is scarlet, fleshy, large. The eyes are always orange, expressive. Bill is yellow, strong.
Plumage depending on the cross can be different. Hens High Line Brown brown with different shades. White hens have white plumage, uniform. Feathers always fit snugly to the body, rather soft to the touch.
Chickens High Line differ in small size and slim physiqueImportant! Cross High-Line has a peace-loving disposition. Individuals do not fight, so they can be hooked to other types of poultry.
Today, the breed is very popular in South America and Western Europe, in a small number individuals are also found on farms in India, China, and the USA. The birds are calm, they easily come in contact, they are not afraid of new people, animals, birds.
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Chickens breed High-Line belong to the direction of the egg. This greatly influenced their characteristics. Crosses White and Brown have almost identical qualities. First you need to describe the features of High Line White chickens.
- A hen at 18 weeks weighs about 1.3 kg. By the 5th month of life, the weight of individuals reaches 1.65–1.75 kg.
- The daily feed intake per head is 102 g on average.
- After reaching reproductive age, a bird can produce up to 250 eggs per year, but this is only the first time. From about a year, its productivity rises to 350 eggs / year.
- Eggs 60-65 g, with a white shell.
- The survival rate of young and adult birds is 93-96%.
And now it is worth considering the characteristics of the High Line Brown Cross.
From about a year, the productivity of hens increases to 350 eggs per year.
- By the 18th week of life, the layer weighs 1.5 kg. By about 50 weeks, birds weigh about 2.25 kg.
- Daily feed intake - 115 g / head.
- Up to 60 weeks, females produce 240 eggs, but after 80 weeks it rises to 340 eggs / year.
- Eggs of 60-65 g with brown shells.
- The survival rate of young and adult birds is 94-98%.
In addition, the following characteristics are characteristic of both crosses.
- Reproductive age comes to 4-5 months of life.
- Cross is highly resistant to diseases.
- The laying period can last more than 80 weeks.
- No maternal instinct.
Features of maintenance and care
Proper poultry keeping can significantly improve productivity.
The indoor temperature throughout the year should vary between + 12 ... +25 degrees Celsius
- The indoor temperature throughout the year should vary between + 12 ... +25 degrees Celsius. Dampness, drafts should not be.
- Several windows are made indoors so that it is bright during the day. And in the evening, night, it is desirable to equip the light bulb. The light should not be bright. In the case of additional lighting in the winter, when the day is very short, the birds will be able to better ride.
- On the floor of the hen house the bed of sawdust or straw spreads. You need to change it every 2 months, and turn it over every week.
- Perches settle at a height of 40-60 cm from the floor. They need to be fixed so that the poles do not break and do not spin.
- For 3-4 females, 1 nest is enough. The nest is made so that the hen can comfortably sit in it.
- Walking is spacious, it is desirable to plant cultivated herbs in it so that the chickens have something to peck at. Also, it must have a shelter from the weather, a trough with water. The fence is high so that the birds do not fly over it.
Keeping high-line chickens can be in cages, and not exclusively outdoor. Productivity from this is not reduced if properly fed birds and equip them with all the necessary conditions.
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Per day Chicken High Line consume about 110-140 g
Per day High-Line chickens consume about 110-140 g of feed per individual. Food is given 3 times a day, while in the summer, if the birds walk in the afternoon, you can feed them only 2 times - in the morning and in the evening. Every day, poultry ration should contain cereals and legumes, vegetables, roots, greens, minerals (salt, chalk, premixes). Sometimes it does not hurt to feed dairy products to chickens, so egg production and egg quality will increase.
So that the hen always gives about one quantity of high quality eggs, premixes are added to its diet. It is also important to ensure that these birds always have a crushed shell and gravel in a separate bowl.
In the hen house it is important to equip a sufficient number of drinkers (preferably nipple). The water in them changes as it gets dirty or if it ends.
Breeding chickens High Line
Females do not have maternal instinct, therefore breeding birds artificially. Eggs for incubation are taken from chickens aged 9-12 months. Chickens that were born, are deposited in a brooder. There should be warm, dry, light. Up to 3 days, the room temperature is maintained at 33-36 degrees, but by the 42nd day it should be gradually reduced to 21 degrees. Light day in the first 3 days lasts for 24 hours / day. From 4 days it is reduced to 22 hours, and by the 36th day of life of chicks it should be only 12-13 hours.
Chickens fully develop only if they are properly fed.Important! Dampness and drafts in brooder lead to the development of diseases in young animals.
Chickens fully develop only under the condition that they are properly fed. Up to 3 days to feed the youngsters preferably chopped, boiled egg, cottage cheese, chopped, steamed nettles and onion feathers. From 4 days you can give steamed porridge. From a week old, vegetables are injected. And from 2 weeks it is necessary for chickens to get used to mixed feed or dry cereal mixtures in combination with wet mash of vegetables and greens.
The water in the drinking bowl should always be, it is changed as often as possible. If chickens are frail, you can add vitamins, minerals to water to maintain their health. From about week 15 the youngsters are transferred to a common chicken coop.
Reviews of breed High Line chickens
Reviews of high-cross cross can be found very different, due to their characteristics.
- Pavel Volkov: “Cross High Line, first of all, like productivity. Birds rush very well, eat very little. And in summer, for the most part they eat a lot, so they don’t eat much in the hen house. The only problem is to constantly update the herd, because self-cultivation, they lose their qualities. Yet it’s just a cross, not a breed. "
- Alexandra Ionina: “The High Line bred with her husband for several years, then switched to the well-known Leggorn. The reason is that the young High Line must be constantly purchased, and the Leggorn in the generations bred on their own do not lose the qualities inherent in the form. a big problem, but unnecessary spending, especially since we have a small economy. But, in general, the cross is almost perfect, if not for this significant minus. "
- Daria Vlasyuk: “Many years ago, when I first took up poultry, I bought a young High Line Brown to sample. As it turned out, breeding them is not very easy, so I switched to more simple, native species. Now, as an experienced poultry breeder, I took Hai chickens again "Line. I try to breed the bird myself, but I have to buy more thoroughbred individuals from time to time to preserve the genetic type. This layer has more than high productivity, birds are docile and simple - suitable for a small farm."