Gardening

Apple-tree Sinap Orlovsky grade

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Apple Sinap Orlovsky has been grown for over a hundred years. This is a well-known variety that has earned a reputation as a strong, resistant tree with tasty fruits. Among the various features of this species stands out the duration of storage of fruits and resistance to frost. About features, characteristics, deficiencies and cultivation of the variety will be discussed later in the article.

How did the variety come about?

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There are two types of Sinap in the world: Sinap Severny and Sinap Orlovsky itself, which will be discussed in the article. The first species was obtained in 1927 through the free pollination of the apple trees “Kandil-Kitayka”. And only a few years later, in 1955, at the All-Russian Research Institute and the All-Union Research Institute. I. Michurin, by crossing the "Memory of Michurin" and "Sinap Severny", a new, unique variety was bred. It was called the apple tree "Sinap Orlovsky". It has a good yield and excellent taste of the fruit.

Specifications and description of apple varieties Sinap Orlovsky

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Sinap Orlovsky

Sinap Orlovsky apple-tree is grown both in small gardens, homestead territories, and for industrial purposes. The culture grows up to 5 meters in height, with massive branches, a wide crown. There are not many skeletal branches, but the tree still needs regular pruning. The bark is gray, young twigs usually stand out as it is darker. Flowers gives a large, pale pink color.

The stem of the fruit of the apple is either short or medium in length. The saucer is deep, and the cup is closed. Apple Sinap Orlovsky gives not very large apples, almost the same size. Approximate weight - 150 g, and those that are larger - 200 g. The shape is rounded and elongated, with blunt ribs and a beveled tip. The peel is smooth, shiny, thin. There are white points of the skin.

The color is yellow-green when the apples are removed from the tree, but after a short storage they become golden yellow, and on the side that was turned towards the sun, there is usually a scarlet tan. The seeds are brown, small, with ribs and a pointed tip. Chambers of seeds of the closed type.

The taste of the Sinap Orlovsky fruit is pleasant, familiar to the fruit, the pulp contains an abundance of juice, greenish in color. The fragrance is mild. Sugar content is up to 9.5%, titrated acids - 0.1%, pectins - 9% or less.

Interesting! 100 g of pulp contains 13 mg of vitamin C, 190 mg of P-active substances.

The merits of the variety

Apple harvest "Sinap Orlovsky"

Before purchasing an apple variety, the gardener tries to find out more information about him, including the virtues he possesses. So, what can please the apple tree Sinap Orlovsky?

  • Productivity is stable, annual, up to 70 kg of fruits per season are removed from each tree.
  • Fruiting is observed from 4-5 years after planting.
  • Fruits are stored for a long time, some of them may lie until the end of spring.
  • Apples of this variety are easily transported over long distances.
  • The taste of the fruit is excellent. They are eaten fresh and used for processing.
  • High resistance to winter frosts.

The disadvantages of the apple tree Sinap Orlovsky

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Apple Scab Damage

The disadvantages of a variety can determine whether it is suitable for planting or not. What are the disadvantages of apple tree Sinap Orlovsky?

  • The trees are very large and take up a lot of space. This not only makes it difficult to plant other horticultural crops, but also to harvest ripe fruit.
  • By scab, there is only average immunity, and this is one of the most ardent enemies of apple trees. May also be affected by bitter pimples.

Features of growing

Apple tree "Sinap Orlovsky" winter

In terms of growing sites, apple tree Sinap Orlovsky unpretentious. However, without minimum standards, it simply cannot develop normally. To begin with - the soil must be nutritious. If there are not enough nutrients, the development of the tree will slow down. So before planting the soil is fertilized. Also, do not forget that the adult tree has a large size - it needs a place to grow. Therefore, the area under the landing should be spacious, open.

The tree needs pruning every year. In the first three years - forming, and then adjusting and sanitary. Throughout the year, the apple is sanitized 2-3 times for diseases and pests, and the culture is fed. Harvesting may relate to different periods, depending on the place of cultivation, climate. So, in the temperate zone, the crop is harvested at the end of September, and in colder regions - in October.

In winter, the tree can not be warmed, it already withstands severe frosts. But in the northern areas it is recommended to lay out a thick layer of mulch in the near-stem circle. And so that the bark is not destroyed by rodents, it is worth treating it with special substances or covering it with a cloth through which they cannot make it.

Reviews gardeners about apple Sinap Orlovsky

About apple Sinap Orlovsky usually warmly speak. It is a simple variety, but thanks to its merits it won the love of many gardeners and consumers.

Victoria Tarasenko: "Sinap Orlovsky is a very good variety. I practically do not care for the tree, I only water and fertilize, but the crops are abundant every year. Last summer I didn’t know where to put the apples! The taste is excellent, they lie in wooden boxes until March!"

Veniamin Morozov: "Apple Sinap Orlovsky was a real discovery for me. I love varieties that can be stored all winter, this is one of those. At the same time, the apples are delicious, no matter how long they are stored. The tree is strong, but since I live in the northern region, for the winter I’m warming, I don’t like to take risks, yet the apple tree has already grown, I don’t want to lose it. "

Zhemida Lemchuk: “I planted two apple trees Sinap Orlovsky 4 years ago. Of course, I had to care for them, fertilize, cut, but I was pleasantly pleased with the first fruits. There were not many apples, but very tasty. I had enough of the sample.

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