Manchurian quails are meat and egg breeds. They give less eggs and meat than broiler or egg breeds, but with good care they can achieve good results. This breed is very popular in Ukraine, Russia, and neighboring countries. They quickly adapt to the new climate, new conditions of detention, so there are almost no problems with their breeding.
Description of the Manchurian breed of quail
Manchurian quails are very remarkable. The body is rounded, oval in shape, the wings are tightly pressed to the body. The head is medium in size, the beak is small, sand-colored. The neck is small, thick, almost imperceptible. Paws are not high, the same in color as the beak. The eyes are always dark, so they stand out clearly against the golden bird.
Description of the Manchurian breed of quail
Their feathers are colored brown and yellow, they alternate with each other, which gives an unusual, golden scale. Males are always brighter than females and weigh less. That is how they are distinguished.
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The performance of domestic quails is the main indicator by which the breeder determines the appropriate breed. What is the productivity of Manchu quails?
- The first eggs of the female begin to carry on the 40th day of life. Egg size is slightly larger than all other types of quail. Record figures for weight - 15-16 g, and the average 12-14 g.
- Egg production - 200-220 eggs per year.
The first eggs of the female begin to carry on the 40th day of life.
- The weight of females reaches 300 g with good fattening, and males up to 260 g are already at 2 months of age.
- The carcass has a presentation, not dark. The meat at the Manchurian breed of quails is tasty, tender, dietary.
Does the breed have flaws?
In terms of the negative aspects of the Manchu quails, we can distinguish fearfulness. The room where they are kept should be quiet, calm. Sharp movements, knocks, screams should be avoided, since stress reduces the productivity of layers.
Also, the disadvantages of the species often include low egg production. 220 eggs per year for quails are low, although higher than those of meat species.
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Manchurian quail are simple in terms of maintenance and care.
- Keep quails either in boxes or in cages. The second is preferable. The size of the cage depends on the number of individuals. The minimum dimensions are 50x25 cm. Height is from 17 to 20 cm. If there are a lot of quails, it is worthwhile to put cages in racks along the entire length of the wall.
Keep quails either in boxes or in cages
- It is recommended to equip the room with artificial lighting. A simple 60 watt daylight bulb is enough.
- Inside the cages, a container of sand will be stirred to allow quails to bathe and clean their feathers.
- Feeders and troughs are placed on the outside of the cage so that they are not contaminated.
- Resistant to diseases, but still birds should be vaccinated if their meat is sold. Do not interfere with regular checkups and a veterinarian. If the production is large, it is recommended to simply enter into a contract with some veterinary pharmacy.
- Cleaning is done when the cells or boxes are contaminated. It is important to ensure that Manchurian quails are kept clean!
Also for the birds to be comfortable, the room where the cages are located must be dry (humidity up to 70%), warm (from +18 degrees). Ventilation equip without fail, so that in the winter, indoors and in the summer, in the heat, the air inside does not stagnate.
How to feed the breed?
Per day one Manchurian quail eats up to 35 g of food
Per day one Manchurian quail eats up to 35 g of food. These birds are not whimsical in terms of feeding. Eat 3-4 times a day. The diet should include feed for quails, crushed corn, wheat, millet, greens. In winter, in order to replace the greenery from the street, it is necessary to germinate wheat at home. For quails, it doesn’t need much, but it brings colossal benefits!
In addition, every day you need to give quails grated beets, carrots, cabbage, young or old, but boiled potatoes. Meat-bone meal, vitamins, cottage cheese, minced fish are mixed into the feed, especially in the winter when there are not enough nutrients and the weight of individuals and egg production can be reduced.
Crushed shell and chalk with gravel are poured into a separate trough. They should be smaller than in the case of chickens, so that the Manchurian quail would not choke.
Water is changed daily or every 2 days, if the drinking bowl is nipple. It is worth noting that the dry food can lie for a long time in the trough, it does not spoil for several days, but you need to keep the wet food up to an hour, then it can start to sour, especially in hot summer.
The hatchability of chicks - 85-90%
The hatchability of chicks is 85-90%, but only on condition that the correct hatching eggs of the Manchurian quail are selected. In this case, suitable eggs weighing 13-14 g or a maximum of 15 g. Record, 16 g or more, it is better not to take. The shape of the eggs must be correct, the pattern on the shell and its color must also match the breed.
Perepelat after birth can not be placed to adults, for them make a separate brooder. They need to be warm, dry, clean. Brooder is cleaned several times a day, as far as pollution.
Feed Manchurian breed quail need little by little. The first time is up to 8 times a day, and by the month the ration is reduced to 3-4 times a day. It is better to feed quail chickens with special feed or softened cereals, boiled eggs (the first 3-5 days), cottage cheese, and greens. About a week or two, chopped vegetables are injected.