Apricot can be eaten fresh, made from different dishes or canned for the winter. But in order not to buy a healthy fruit, you can easily grow it in your own garden. However, it is difficult to get a good apricot tree, especially since buying a ready seedling can be deceived by dishonest sellers. It is much easier to grow a culture of their own from the bone. How to grow apricot from the stone at home will be described in detail in the article.
Pros and cons of growing apricot from the stone
It is possible to grow apricot from the stone, but not all gardeners agree to this laborious process. Indeed, the germination of planting material and its further development takes a lot of time, effort, and sometimes funds, but the result justifies the laboriousness of the process.
A strong tree grows from the seed.
- From the seed grows strong, resistant to a specific climate and conditions of the tree, giving a stable, annual harvest.
- Large harvest can be obtained for 3-4 years from the seed immediately planted in a permanent place, and 5-6 if the plant was transplanted.
- Without the expense of extra funds, it is possible to plant several trees for more successful pollination.
- There is a chance to cultivate a new kind of apricot.
Before you start growing apricots from the stone, you need to know that the young seedling will never be the same as the mother tree, qualities are not inherited. It will be much better in terms of fruit quality, yield, or grow wild, so it is recommended to leave several seedlings to choose one or two of the most delicious and fertile.
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In principle, all varieties of apricot are suitable for growing from a stone, but there are a few points that should be considered to simplify the procedure.
Winter-hardy apricot varieties for the northern regions
- The variety must be locally produced. Overseas species can take a long time in an unusual climate for them. And most, most likely, will not even suffer the winter.
- In the northern regions, preference should be given to winter-hardy varieties that can withstand frosts down to -30 degrees: "Northern Triumph", "Alyosha", "Zeus", "Sibirskiy", "Khabarovsk", "Manchurian", "Petr Komarov", "Uralets" and others
- Also, the variety should be simple, not elite tinting, otherwise the plant is unlikely to produce fruit.
How to prepare planting material?
Before you grow an apricot from the stone you need to select the best planting material.
Bones are picked from overripe fruit.
- Bones are selected from overripe fruit, they should well fall behind the fruit.
- The amount of planting material is not limited - the more the better.
- After washing, they are poured with water. I clean up all the surfaced ones, they will not germinate, the others are soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate for 12 hours.
- After disinfection, they are put into water for 10 days, changed as often as possible so that it does not stagnate.
- Before sowing, seeds are poured into any convenient container, sprinkled with wet moss, sawdust or sand and placed in a refrigerator (temperature not lower than 0 degrees and not more than +2) for 100 days. Such hardening will make them more resistant to frost. From time to time they are examined, if a mold has appeared, the bones are treated with hydrogen peroxide and put back in the refrigerator.
- There is also postseeding hardening, but only when grown in a house, and not in open ground. After planting the plants in pots to a depth of 5 cm, they are wrapped with plastic wrap and put in a cold place for 3-4 days.
Thanks to such time-consuming preparation of the bones for planting, only the best specimens are selected that will be more likely to survive in difficult climatic conditions.
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Apricot seed can be obtained from two methods. The first is to immediately plant it in the hole and wait until it germinates in natural conditions. In this case, the sweet core can eat insects. The second option is to grow in room conditions, and then transplant the seedling to a permanent place, but the culture pampered in greenhouse conditions may not settle down outside, especially if the climatic conditions are harsh.
As you can see, both methods have disadvantages. But both have been successfully used by gardeners around the world. Below will be described both technologies, how to grow apricot from the stone.
- When grown in natural conditions, the seed is planted in open ground in September or October. Place under the landing choose a sunny, open, if possible, closed from drafts. In the ground, fertilized, dug and leveled, a small trench is dug, 5-6 cm deep. When spring is planted, the depth should be 3-4 cm, not more. Bones planted with an interval of 10 cm and sprinkled with fertile soil.
Shoots can be obtained in early spring (autumn planting) or closer to the end of summer (spring planting). The grown culture can be transplanted to a permanent place only after a year, selecting the strongest sprouts. But gardeners recommend not to replant the plant. If you immediately plant a bone in a permanent place, and only remove all the bad, weak seedlings, the culture will grow much stronger and will bear the first fruits in 3-4 years!
Apricot seed can be obtained by two methods.
- When grown on a windowsill, the treated bones are put in pots to a depth of 5 cm in spring or autumn - when it is convenient. Before the emergence of shoots, the earth is watered as necessary, can be covered with a film, and aired once a day. When shoots appear, the film is removed, and the plants are placed in a warm (+ 20-24 degrees), bright place. For tempering, you can from time to time take them outside (during warm seasons) or open a window, a window for the night.
A year later, the culture is transplanted to a permanent place. To do this, a sunny place is selected. A hole 50x50x50 is dug, fertilizers are applied to the soil. Then the pit is half filled up with prepared, fertilized soil, and a tree is put on a mound of earth. Its roots are straightened, and thin layers are poured over with the same fertilized earth. After full instillation, it is necessary to slightly stamp the ground. Next is the near-stem circle, where the water is poured. How to plant apricot, read in this article.
What are the features of care?
To get a good, fertile tree, you need to know not only how to grow apricot from a stone, but also how to care for young shoots.
Bone Apricot Growing Pattern
- After the appearance of the first shoots in the open ground, the germ is protected from pests and rodents. It is enough just to cover the sprout with a bottle with the bottom cut off, but you can come up with another fence.
- All weak sprouts, with any type of growing removed immediately.
- Weeds in pots and in the open ground should be pulled out near the apricot so that they do not interfere with the development of the root system and do not shade the sprout from the sun.
- Sometimes gardeners mulch the tree trunk with any kind of mulch to keep it moist and healthy nutrients from bait. But this is not a mandatory procedure.
- Watering is carried out regularly, but from the middle of summer it is stopped to begin to ripen wood seedlings. It will be enough rain so that the tree does not dry out. Is that with a sudden drought may require moderate watering.
- One year old plants can already be cut. Removed the most "aggressive", long shoots, work begins on the formation of the crown.
- As feedings you can use rotted manure, diluted litter, saltpeter. In the spring, nitrogen-containing mixtures will not interfere.
- Of the pests on the seedlings can attack aphid, leafworm or the stem of the disease is to be afraid of monoliosis. From them get rid of traditional methods or chemicals - which is available and easier.
- For the winter, seedlings can be warmed by wrapping with agrofibre or sacking. The material is chosen breathable, natural.
After the crop yields the first harvest (there are cases when the seedlings do not bear fruit), it is possible to determine how well the obtained tree is and whether other varieties should be planted to it.