Violet - indoor plant of the genus grassy. The homeland of this culture is Tanzania. The plant was discovered and described by Baron Walter von St. Paul in the late 19th century. Growing these flowers is very simple, and even a novice gardener will not face serious difficulties. This article describes the best violets and features of their cultivation.
Potted violets are small, grow in a compact, beautiful bush. Stem short. The leaves are green, oval, coming out of the rosette. They are located on long petioles and covered with small fibers. The leaf can be up to 8 cm in length!
Photo violets "Wedding Bouquet"Interesting! Violets are a sign of well-being and rebirth. Depending on the color of flowers, they have their own special energy. So, white violet is a symbol of purity, blue is love, blue is creativity, purple is spirituality, and red is optimism.
Flowers are multi-colored, can be simple, double or wavy. They grow in inflorescences of several pieces. The diameter of the flower is 2-4 cm. The buds can be of a wide variety of colors. The smell of these flowers is not.
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There are a lot of varieties of violets.
Photo violets "Frosty Cherry"
- The size of the flower: small-flowered, mid-flowered, large-flowered, especially large-flowered.
- Flower color: monophonic, two-color, multi-color.
- According to the type of flower: simple, terry, semi-double.
- According to the shape of the flower: star, Annie, bell, wasp, rounded flowers, spider.
- The size of the bush: microminiature; miniature, semi-miniature, standard, large.
- The shape of the sheet: oval, heart-shaped, round, elongated.
- According to the type of sheet: women, men.
- Along the edge of the leaf: smooth, rounded, serrated, corrugated, torn, wavy.
Photo of violet "White Queen"Interesting! The most common types of violets have small sockets with a diameter of 20-40 cm. But there are also giant violets up to 60 cm in size and miniature, with an outlet width of about 6 cm.
Description of varieties
The best grades of violets are presented below.
- "Bridal bouquet"- an amazingly beautiful violet, which was named after the association with the bride's bouquet. The flowers are large, double, white. This variety is interesting because the buds do not wilt for a long time, pleasing their beauty.
- "Frosty cherry"- semi-double variety. Cherry-colored buds with white edging on the edge. The color of this variety depends on temperature and light. The warmer and lighter, the more pronounced the contrast between cherry and white color of petals.
- "White Queen"- a variety with large, double flowers. The heart of them is yellow and the petals are white. The border of the petals is greenish. Flowering occurs with a hat. The leaves of the bush are green, slightly pointed to the edge.
Photo violets "Magic of Love"
- "Magic of love"- a beautiful variety of violets. The leaves are dark green. The buds are large, double, lilac-red. The border is white. In breeding it is a simple plant.
- "Sea wolf"- a variety with semi-double flowers of large size. The color is bright blue, with a pattern. On the peduncle there are about 3-5 flowers. When opened, they are bright blue and then brighten slightly.
- "Lyubasha"- room violet with pale pink buds. The edge of the petals is whitish. The diameter of the bud is about 6 cm. The flowers are large, spherical. The bloom is long.
- "Perfect Creole"- a plant with double flowers. The buds are bright blue with white trim. There are 6-7 florets in the inflorescence. The leaves are green. It does not need special care and can grow in natural light.
Photo of violet "Sea Wolf"
- "Duchess"- a variety with large, corrugated flowers. Petals are white with purple patches. Flowers bloom slowly. The rosette is large, with green, beautiful leaves. It needs proper lighting.
- "Green lagoon"- an interesting variety. The buds are large, terry. The color is white, but there are blue blots on them. And the outer petals are green. So the flower turns out to be multicolored, but it looks tender. The socket is dense, raised. act up
This is only a small part of the many varieties of violets. With its diversity, this flower has earned the respect of many gardeners, because even the most captious amateur will find for himself a nice looking variety.Interesting! There are ampelous varieties of violets. They have a long, branched stem and a few outlets with leaves.
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It is easiest to propagate violet by cutting. Cuttings are taken only from healthy bushes, on which there are no signs of illness or pests. They are well acclimatized, so after cutting, the stalk is immediately planted in the ground, without waiting for the roots to appear. In one capacity you can plant several violets at once. It remains to dampen the ground and cover the sapling with a bag to make a small greenhouse. If you want to watch the development of the root system, cuttings can be put in the water. Roots usually form quickly.
After cutting the roots, you can transplant it into a normal pot, in which
Photo of violet "Lyubasha"
plant and will develop. It is very important to be able to choose the right pot for young violets. In this question the flowers are capricious! The root of this culture is small, the soil does not require much. Violet should be about 3 times larger than your pot. Focusing on this, you can choose a good pot.Interesting! For violets can not choose a pot for growth! Flowering in this culture is observed only after the roots have woven the entire container in which they are located!
Land is better to buy in the store - specifically for violets. But if you do not want to spend money on the ground, you can make it yourself. For this mixed garden land and some sand. After that, the resulting mixture should be calcined or treated with potassium permanganate to destroy harmful microorganisms. On the third, the pot is filled with drainage, and the ground substrate is poured on top.
Landing is carried out carefully so that fragile roots are not damaged. In this case, the cutting can not be deeply buried, otherwise young leaves will not appear soon.
Care for the flower at home
Indoor violets are easy to maintain, but so that they do not hurt and grow normally, they are provided with normal conditions.
Photo violets "Beautiful Creole"
- Violets are very fond of light. Good lighting should be for 14 hours. At the same time, it is necessary to darken these flowers from the bright sun so that burns do not appear on the leaves.
- The temperature in the room where violets are grown should be within + 18 ... +25 in summer, and in winter + 10 ... +15 degrees. These flowers do not like the cold. In the winter they cannot be kept on cold window sills. From the cold, the roots and leaves of the plants may start to rot or wither. For this reason, in winter, they must be placed on wooden stands and moved away from the windows.
- Humidity should not be low. If the air in the house is dry, it is necessary to install flowers in pallets with wet expanded clay or put a humidifier next to it.
- How to water? Violet does not like overmoistening or dryness of the soil. It should be watered as needed when the top layer of soil begins to dry. In the summer, usually 2 irrigations per week are sufficient, and in the winter - 1 time per week. Water for irrigation is taken separated, rain or filtered. Watering is necessary so that the water does not fall on the growth buds. Because of this, these flowers are usually watered by a drip method or a watering can with a thin nose.
Photo violets "Duchess"
- Top dressing is necessary only in the spring when buds form. In the summer, autumn or winter in dressing is not necessary. To do this, you can purchase special drugs. Nitrogen fertilizers provoke the development of green mass, and potash-phosphorus promote lush flowering.
- Transplantation is usually carried out in the spring. This is the most favorable time. In winter it is too cold, in summer it is hot, and in the fall the growing season ends and the plant simply cannot take root. A transplant is needed after the acquisition of a new flower, with the appearance of diseases, pests, soil depletion, as well as for rooted cuttings.
Problems with growing violets
Difficulties in growing violets occur in rare cases. Usually they are associated with improper care.
- Why do not bloom violets? Indoor violets grow well under normal conditions and bloom regularly. But it also happens that the plant ceases to bloom. What to do in this case? Need to pay attention to the pot. If it is very large, then the violet simply will not be able to bloom until it grows up - the plant gives flowers after the roots have braided the whole earthy ball in a pot!
- Why do the leaves turn yellow? Violet leaves usually turn yellow when the soil is depleted. In this case, either fertilizing or transfer to a new land can help.
Photo of violet "Green Lagoon"
- What to do if the leaves become pale? Pale leaves indicate a lack of lighting. At the same time the bush stretches upwards (towards the light). The lack of light usually leads to the fact that culture gradually fades. For the problem to disappear, it is necessary to provide violet with better lighting.
Diseases and pests in violets
Indoor violets are rarely sick, but this also happens with insufficient attention to culture. Of infections and fungi for this plant are dangerous: powdery mildew, gray mold, fusarium. In addition, the violet may be affected by a nematode, aphids, mites or thrips.
At occurrence of diseases, it is necessary to use special preparations ("Fundazol", "Skor") for spraying. The fungicide "Fitosporin" is used as a preventive measure. And in the case of the appearance of pests on the plant, treatment is carried out with insecticides like "Fitoverm", "Regent", "Mospilan".